Biography of Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan
List of Contents
1. Life story and Family
Sheikh Muhammad Kholil or who is called Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan or Mbah Kholil was born on 11 Jumadil late 1235 H or May 25, 1835 AD in Senenan Village, Kemayoran Village, Bangkalan District, Bangkalan Regency, Madura Island, East Java.
The lineage of Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan from the father's line to Sheikh Syarif Hidayatullah (Cirebon). His lineage is Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan bin KH. Abdul Latif bin KH. Hamim bin KH. Abdul Karim bin KH. Muharram bin KH. Asrar Karamah bin KH. Abdullah bin Sayid Sulaiman.
Sayid Sulaiman is the grandson of Syarif Hidayatullah or Sunan Gunung Jati Cirebon. Syarif Hidayatullah was the son of Sultan Umdatuddin Umdatullah Abdullah who ruled in Cam (Campa). His father was Sayid Ali Nurul Alam bin Sayid Jamaluddin al-Kubra.
1.2 Family History
According to M Zaini, in his thesis Genealogy of pesantren in Bangkalan: genealogy studies of Syaikhona Kholil Bangkalan Madura published by UIN Sunan Ampel, Syechona's lineage from the male line is as follows: Kiai Kholil bin Kiai Abdul Latif bin Kiai Hamim bin Abdul Karim bin Kiai Muharram bin Kiai Asra Al-Karomah bin Kiai Abdullah bin Sayyid Sulaiman Mojo Agung who is the grandson of Sunan Gunung Jati or Syarif Hidayatullah.
Syechona Kholil Bangkalan has nine wives, namely: First, Raden Ayu Assek bin Lodrapati. Second, Nyai Umm Rahmah. Third, Raden Ayu Arbi'ah. Fourth, Nyai Mesi. Fifth, Nyai Su'lah. Sixth, Nyai Kuttab. Seventh, Nyai Sabrah. Eighth, Raden Ayu Nurjadi. Ninth, a rich widow comes from Telaga Biru, Tanjung Bumi, Bangkalan.
"The descendants of Kiai Kholil come from four wives, namely: Raden Ayu Assek bin Ludrapati, Nyai Umm Rahmah, Raden Ayu Arbi'ah and Nyai Mesi," he wrote.
While the other five wives, namely Nyai Su'lah, Nyai Khuttab, Nyai Sabrah, Raden Ayu Nurjati and a widow from Telaga Biru, until Syechona died were not blessed with offspring.
Syechona Kholil's marriage to Raden Ayu Assek bint Lodrapati
1) Raden Ayu Assek bint Lodrapati as Syechona Kholil's first wife. Nyai Assek is a woman who has blood (noble descent). Syechona Kholil's marriage to Raden Ayu Assek bint Lodrapati is said to have started from a competition held by her father, Prince Lodrapati.
At that time, the princess experienced an illness that did not go away. His father held a contest in which the contents of the announcement were "whoever is able to heal my son, if he will be made his son-in-law".
This news reached Kiai Kholil, who then helped treat the illness suffered by Lodrapati's daughter. With Allah's permission, Raden Ayu Assek bin Lodrapati recovered from her illness.
From this story, Syechona Kholil was married to Nyai Assek in the month of Rajab 1278 H. At that time, Raden Ayu Assek bin Lodrapati was still 26 years old. While Syechona Kholil is written as 24 years old. As a result of this marriage, Syechona Kholil was blessed with two offspring, namely Nyai Khotimah and Kiai Muhammad Hasan.
Syechona Kholil's first child (Nyai Khotimah) was married to Kiai Muhammad Thoha bin Kahfal or commonly called Kiai Munthaha, in 1290 H.
The result of their marriage was blessed with four children. Namely, Kiai Ahmad, Kiai Abdul Latif, Kiai Mujtabah and Nyai Rohmah.
While Kiai Kholil's second child, Kiai Muhammad Hasan, married Nyai Karimah in 1316 H, but this marriage was not blessed with children.
2) Mrs. Nyai Rohmah, who comes from Kemayoran, Labang Buta is close to the Seninan market Bangkalan. From his second wife Kiai Kholil was blessed with a daughter named Nyai Rohmah. Kiai Kholil's only daughter was finally married to Kiai Muhammad Bakri, so from this couple Kiai Kholil had a grandson named Muhammad Umar who was later married to Hj.Zahrah daughter whose name Romlah who lives north of the town square of Bangkalan. The result of their marriage was blessed with two children named Busri and Nyai Sauda.
Nyai Rohmah bin Kiai Kholil later remarried to H. Muhammad Hosen, who came from the yellow Well Kwanyar Bangkalan. The result of this second marriage, Nyai Rohmah, was blessed with a beautiful daughter named Minnah, who was eventually married by H. Muhammad Nafi'. They were blessed with three daughters namely Nyai Nahlah, Nyai Jamilah and Nyai Aminah.
3) Raden Ayu Arbi'ah, who is still a noble descendant from Longapan, Kemayoran, Bangkalan. As a result of this marriage, Kiai Kholil was blessed with two children, namely Ahmad Baidhowi and Muhammad Imron. However, Ahmad Baidhowi died at the age of five months. Meanwhile, Muhammad Imron, after stepping into adulthood, married a girl from the village of Sabreh. The girl's name is Nyai Mutmainnah.
The two couples were finally blessed with five children, namely: Nyai Romlah, Nyai Aminah, Nyai Nadhifah, Kiai Makmun and Kiai Amin. In addition to his first wife Nyai Mutmainnah, Kiai Imron also has another wife, her name is Nyai Maimunah. This marriage with his second wife Kiai Imron was blessed with four children, namely: Kiai Munawir, Nyai Naimah, Nyai Arfiyah and Nyai Jamaliyah.
4) Nyai Mesi is the wife of Kiai Kholil who comes from Sumur Kepek Labang of Bangkalan. Marriage with Nyai Mesi, Kiai Kholil was blessed with a daughter whose birth name was Nyai Asma. After his daughter reached adulthood, Nyai Asma was married to Kiai Muhammad Yasin. The result of this marriage was finally blessed with eight children, namely: Nyai Malihah, Kiai Kholil Yasin, Kiai Nasir Yasin, Nyai Badriyah, Nyai Naylah, Nyai Asiyah, Nyai Karimah, Nyai Maimunah and the last one was Nyai Rabi'atul Adawiyah.
1.3 Passed away
Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan passed away at the age of 106 years, on 29 Ramadan 1343 Hijrah, coinciding with April 23, 1925 AD, his body was interred in Mertajesa village, Bangkalan district.
2. Sanad of Knowledge and Education
2.1 Wandering for Knowledge
Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan started his education by studying directly with his father. He studied fiqh and nahwu. Thanks to his father's upbringing, from a young age he had memorized well the 1002 verses of Alfiyah Ibn Malik's nadzam.
After being educated, Syekh Kholil's parents in small Bangkalan then sent him to various pesantren to gain knowledge. Starting his odyssey, the young Syekh Kholil Bangkalan studied with KH. Muhammad Nur at the pesantren Langitan, Tuban, East Java.
From Langitan he moved to the pesantren Cangaan, Bangil, Pasuruan. Then to the pesantren Keboncandi. While studying at this pesantren, he also studied with KH. Nur Hasan who settled in the psantren Sidogiri, 7 kilometers from Keboncandi. On every trip from Keboncandi to Sidogiri, he never forgot to read Yasin's letter.
When he was a student, Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan had memorized several subjects, such as Matan Alfiyah Ibn Malik. Besides that, he is also a Hafidz of the Qur'an and is able to read the Qur'an in Qira'at Sab'ah.
When he was 24 years old after getting married, Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan decided to go to Makkah. He could cover the shipping costs from his savings while studying in Banyuwangi, while for meals during the cruise, it is said that Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan fasted. He did this not in order to save money, but to get closer to Allah so that his journey was safe.
2.2 His Masters
Shaykh Kholil Bangkalan's teachers include:
- KH. Abdul Latif (His father)
- Tuan Guru Dawuh (Buju' Dawuh)
- Tuan Guru Agung (Buju' Agung)
- Kiai Sholeh (pesantren Bungah Gresik)
- KH. Fun.
- KH. Arief (pesantren Pasuruan Darussalam)
- KH. Nur Hasan at the pesantren Sidogiri, Pasuruan
- KH. Abu Dzarrin
- KH. Muhammad Nur at pesantren Langitan , Tuban
- KH. Abdul Bashar (Pesantren Al Ashriyah Banyuwangi)
- Shaykh Ahmad Khatib Sambas
- Shaykh Abdul Adzem Al Maduri
- Shaykh Ali Rahbini
- Sheikh Nawawi al-Bantani in Mecca
- Sheikh Uthman bin Hasan Ad-Dimyathi
- Sayyid Ahmad bin Zaini Dahlan in Mecca
- Sheikh Mustafa bin Muhammad Al-Afifi Al-Makki in Mecca
- Sheikh Abdul Hamid bin Mahmud Ash-Syarwani in Mecca
- Sunan Tirmizi and Sunan Nasai
2.3 Establishing an Pesantren
Pesantren Syaichona Cholil was founded directly by Syaikhona in Bangkalan. Syaikhona Kholil founded this after establishing the first Islamic boarding school in Jengkebuan village. However, after his daughter, Siti Khatimah, was married to her own niece, namely Kiai Muntaha (Muhammad Thaha), the pesantren in Cengkubuan village was then handed over to her son-in-law. Finally Kiai Khalil in 1861 AD, established another pesantren in the Kademangan area, almost in the city center about 200 meters west of the town square of Bangkalan Regency. The location of the new pesantren is only 1 kilometer from the old pesantren and the village where it was born. This last Islamic boarding school became known as the pesantren Syaikhona Kholil.
3. His Successors
3.2 His Children
Nyai Hj. Khotimah Kiai Muhammad Thoha bin Kahfal or commonly called Kiai Munthaha, in 1290 H.
The result of their marriage was blessed with four children. That is:
1. Kiai Ahmad
2. Kiai Abdul Latif
3. Kiai Mujtabah
4. Nyai Rohmah.
KH. Muhammad Hasan married Nyai Karimah in 1316 H, but this marriage was not blessed with children. Nyai Hj. Rohmah was married to Kiai Muhammad Bakri, so from this couple Kiai Kholil had a grandson named
1. KH. Muhammad Umar
KH. Muhammad Imron married a girl from the village of Sabreh. The girl's name is Nyai Mutmainnah. The two couples were finally blessed with five children, namely:
1. Nyai Romlah
2. Nyai Aminah
3. Nyai Nadhifah
4. Kiai Makmun
5. Kiai Amin
In addition to his first wife Nyai Mutmainnah, Kiai Imron also has a second wife, her name is Nyai Maimunah. This marriage with his second wife, Kiai Imron, was blessed with four children, namely:
1. Kiai Munawir
2. Nyai Naimah
3. Nyai Arfiyah
4. Nyai Jamaliyah
Nyai Hj. Asma Married to Kiai Muhammad Yasin. The result of this marriage was finally blessed with nine children, namely:
1. Nyai Malihah
2. Kiai Kholil Yasin
3. Kiai Nasir Yasin
4. Nyai Badriyah
5. Nyai Naylah
6. Nyai Asiyah
7. Nyai Karimah
8. Nyai Maimunah
9. Nyai Rabi'atul Adawiyah.
3.2 His Disciples
Thanks to the depth of knowledge possessed by Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan, he has succeeded in printing his students into figures, scholars, kiai, and founders of pesantren. His students include:
- KH. Muhammad Hasan Sepuh - founder of the pesantren Zainul Hasan Genggong, Probolinggo
- KH. Hasyim Asy'ari - founder of Nahdlatul 'Ulama, founder of the pesantren Tebuireng, Jombang
- KH. Abdul Wahab Chasbullah - caretaker of the pesantren Tambak Beras, Jombang
- KH. Bisri Syansuri - caretaker of the pesantren Denanyar, Jombang
- KH. Manaf Abdul Karim - founder of pesantren Lirboyo , Kediri
- KH. Ma'shum - founder of the pesantren Al Hidayat Lasem, Rembang
- KH. Munawir - founder of pesantren Al-Munawwir Krapyak, Yogyakarta
- KH. Bisri Mustofa - founder of the pesantren Raudlatut Thalibin, Rembang
- KH. Nawawi - caregiver of the pesantren Sidogiri, Pasuruan
- KH. Ahmad Shiddiq - caretaker of pesantren Ash-Shiddiqiyah, Jember
- KH. As'ad Syamsul Arifin - caretaker of the pesantren Salafiyah Syafi'iyah, Asembagus, Situbondo
- KH. Abdul Majjid - founder of pesantren Mambaul Ulum, Bata-Bata Pamekasan
- KH. Toha - founder of the pesantren Batabata, Pamekasan
- KH. Abi Sujak - founder of the pesantren Astatinggi, Kebunagung, Sumenep
- KH. Ussymuni - founder of the pesantren Pandian, Sumenep
- KH. Zaini Mun'im - Paiton, Probolinggo
- KH. Khozin - Buduran, Sidoarjo
- KH. Abdullah Mubarok - founder of Pondok Pesantren Suryalaya, Tasikmalaya
- KH. Mustofa - founder of the pesantren Macan Putih, Blambangan
- KH. Asy'ari - founder of pesantren Darut Tholabah, Wonosari, Bondowoso
- KH. Sayyid Ali Bafaqih - founder of the pesantren Loloan Barat, Bali
- KH. Ali Wafa - Tempurejo, Jember
- KH. Munajad - Kertosono, Nganjuk
- KH. Abdul Fatah - founder of pesantren Al-Fattah, Tulungagung
- KH. Zainul Abidin - Kraksaan, Probolinggo
- KH. Zainuddin - Nganjuk
- KH. Abdul Hadi - Lamongan
- KH. Zainur Rasyid - Kironggo, Bondowoso
- KH. Karimullah - founder of Pondok Pesantren Curah Damai, Bondowoso
- KH. Muhammad Thohir Jamaluddin - founder of the pesantren Sumber Gayam, Madura
- KH. Hasan Mostofa - Garut
- KH. Raden Fakih Maskumambang – Gresik
- Ir. Soekarno - the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, according to KH. As'ad Samsul Arifin, Bung Karno although not officially a student of Sheikh Kholil, but when he went to Bangkalan, Sheikh Kholil grabbed Bung Karno's head and blew his head.
4. Stories With His Disciples
The story of Sheikh Kholil with his students is as follows:
4.1 KH. Ma'shum Lasem
Kiai Ma'shum - Lasem, Rembang: Confined, Ordered to Teach and Pray for
In the book Manaqib Mbah Ma'shum Lasem it is told that one day Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan asked his students to make a rooster cage because a champion would come from Java to Bangkalan. The next day came a young man named Muhammadun (the name of Mbah Ma'shum when he was young) who was 20 years old from the land of Java. By Sheikh Kholil, the young man was asked to enter the cage of a rooster that had been made by his students.
With great reverence the young man entered and sat crouched into the rooster's cage. Syekh Kholil then said to his students, "This is what I mean as a rooster from the land of Java who will later become a champion of the land of Java.
At the beginning of the study, Mbah Lasem was even told to teach Alfiyah to Sheikh Kholil's students in a room where there was no light. Mbah Ma'shum only studied for 3 months. When he was about to go home, Mbah Kholil called him while praying for him with the Sweep of the Universe. When Mbah Ma'shum stepped away a few meters, she was called back by Sheikh Kholil and prayed with the same prayer. This happened repeatedly up to 17 times.
4.2 KH. Hasyim Asy'ari
Kiai Hasyim Asy'ari - Tebuireng, Jombang: Ordered to climb, Angon and enter the septic tank
When he started studying, the young Hasyim Asy'ari was told to climb up to the top of the bamboo tree, while Sheikh Kholil continued to watch from below while gesturing to keep going up and not going down to the top of the bamboo tree.
Kiai Hasyim reverently continued to climb according to his teacher's orders. As soon as he reached the top, Sheikh Kholil hinted that Kiai Hasyim should immediately jump down. Without thinking, Kiai Hasyim immediately jumped and survived. It turned out that this was only a test of a santri's obedience to his kiai.
As a student, Kiai Hasyim never complained when his teacher asked him to do anything, including when he was told to herd goats and cows, look for grass and clean the cage. He accepted his teacher's order as a solemn (dedication) to the Master.
In addition, when Sheikh Kholil lost the ring that his wife gave him in the bathroom, Kiai Hasyim asked permission to look for it. After being allowed, a moment later he entered the septic tank and removed its contents.
After being completely drained, and Kiai Hasyim's body full of dirt, finally the ring belonging to his teacher was found. How happy the teacher was to see his student had succeeded in finding his ring until a prayer was said: "I am pleased with you, O Hasyim, I pray that with your devotion and sincerity, your rank will be elevated. You will become a great person, a role model, and everyone will love you."
4.3 KH. Wahab Chasbullah
Kiai Wahab Chasbullah - Rice Farm, Jombang: Considered a Tiger
One day in the month of Shawwal, Sheikh Kholil called all the students and ordered that the guarding of the hut be tightened because soon a tiger would enter the hut.
Since then, every day all students carry out strict security at the pesantren. This was done because near the pesantren there was a jungle, so they were worried if a tiger appeared from the forest.
After a few days, the long-awaited tiger did not appear. In the third week, Sheikh Kholil ordered the students to be on guard when a thin young man, not too tall and carrying a zinc suitcase entered the boarding school complex.
As soon as he arrived in front of Sheikh Kholil's house, the young man greeted him. Hearing the young man's greeting, Sheikh Kholil instead shouted to his students, "Hey students, tigers! Tiger! Come on, surround yourself, don't enter the hut." Hearing the screams of Sheikh Kholil, simultaneously the students rushed to bring whatever they could to get rid of the young man. The students who were carrying swords, sickles, sticks surrounded the "tiger" which was none other than the young man. The young man's face turned pale with fright. Because there was no other way, the young man finally ran away from the cottage complex.
Because of the high enthusiasm for studying at the hut that was taken care of by Sheikh Kholil, the next day the young man tried to enter the pesantren again. Even so, he still received the same treatment as before. Because of fear and fatigue, the young man finally slept under the kentongan in the prayer room of the pesantren.
At midnight, he was woken up and scolded by Sheikh Kholil. However, after that he was invited by Sheikh Kholil to his house and declared as one of the students of the cottage he led.
Since then, the young man has officially become a pesantren student. The young man in question was Abdul Wahab Hasbullah, who was one of the founders of NU. It turned out that what was predicted by Sheikh Kholil came true, Abdul Wahab Hasbullah really became the "Tiger" of NU.
4.4 KH. As'ad Syamsul Arifin
Kiai As'ad - Asembagus, Situbondo: Blessing Money
When Kiai As'ad was still a student of Sheikh Kholil, he was once told to deliver a stick to Kiai Hasyim Asy'ari in Jombang. Another day he was ordered to deliver prayer beads to Kiai Hasyim as well. Sheikh Kholil only provided a few coins. When Kiai As'ad took a bus or a train, the conductor did not charge him a ticket back and forth. Likewise, when he was about to cross the Madura Strait, someone suddenly asked him to board the ship with him for free. After getting off the ship, he was again offered a ride to Jombang, he accepted this offer with gratitude. Kiai As'ad believed this was due to the prayers and blessings of the teacher through the coins given by Sheikh Kholil.
4.5 KH. Bahar Sidogiri
Kiai Bahar - Sidogiri, Pasuruan: Wet Dreams
One morning, a santri named Bahar from Sidogiri was upset because he could not pray the dawn prayer in congregation. Bahar was absent from congregational prayers not because he was lazy, but because of the junub obstacle. The reason is, last night Bahar dreamed of sleeping with a woman. Bahar's disquiet was well understood, because the woman was the wife of Sheikh Kholil, his teacher.
Towards dawn, Syekh Kholil was heard furious, carrying a sword as he said, "Insolent students! Insolent students!" The students who had gone to the mosque to pray in congregation were surprised and wondered who the impudent students were referring to.
That morning Bahar did not participate in congregational prayers, but hid behind the door of the mosque. After the morning prayer in congregation, Sheikh Kholil turned his face to all the students and asked, "Who are the students who did not join the congregation?". All the students were surprised, did not expect to get a question like that. The students looked left and right to find out who was not present. It turned out that the only one who was not present at that time was Bahar.
Then Sheikh Kholil ordered to find Bahar and confronted him. After being found, Bahar was taken to the mosque. Sheikh Kholil looked intently at Bahar and said, "Bahar, because you are not present for the morning prayer in congregation, you must be punished. Cut two bamboo clumps behind the pesantren with this stick". Petok is a kind of small knife, used to slash grass. After receiving the order, Bahar immediately carried out sincerely despite the difficulties.
After that, Sheikh Kholil ordered Bahar to eat the rice on the tray until it was finished. Once again Bahar obediently accepted the punishment from Sheikh Kholil. After Bahar carried out the second sentence, he was then told to eat the fruit that had been prepared on another tray until it was finished.
After that Bahar was expelled by Sheikh Kholil while saying and pointing at Bahar, "Hey santri, all my knowledge has been stolen by this person". With a happy and steady feeling, Bahar left the Sheikh Kholil Islamic boarding school for his hometown, until finally he became the caretaker of the sixth pesantren Sidogiri.
5. His Services and Works
5.1 His merits
He is often referred to as the great teacher. Almost many kyai or scholars of the archipelago have studied with him. Like Hadratus Shaykh Hasyim Asy'ari; founder and caretaker of the pesantren Tebu Ireng Jombang, KH. Abdul Karim (Mbah Manab); founder and caretaker of the pesantren Lirboyo, KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah (Jombang), Kiai Bisri Syansuri (Jombang), Kiai Maksum (Lasem), Kiai Nawawi (Sidogiri), Kiai As'ad Syamsul Arifin (Situbondo), Kiai Zaini Mun'im ( Paiton Probolinggo), and many other KH students. M. Kholil Bangkalan. It is even said that Ir. Soekarno the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, according to Kiai Asa'ad Samsul Arifin, Bung Karno although not officially a student of Kiai Kholil, but when he went to Bangkalan, Kiai Kholil held Bung Karno's head and blew his head (pp. entitled “KH. M. Kholil Bangkalan Short Biography 1820-1923).
Syaikhona Muhammad Kholil from Bangkalan, Madura, is considered to be one of the great scholars who are important in the fight against colonialism and the construction of Islam in the archipelago. The existence and contribution of Syaikhona Muhammad Kholil in the fields of religion, education, social society, to politics is considered very influential and positive for its sustainability.
Through education, Kiai Kholil galvanizes the students to become warrior scholars. He also became one of the determinants of the establishment of one of the largest religious Islamic organizations in Indonesia, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), he explained.
5.2 His Works
- Al-Matnu as-Sharif (The Fiqh Guide to Worship), completed on Wednesday 17 Raja 1299 H. Printing of Maktabah Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi Egypt, 1934 AD / 1353 H. No. 550, translated and translated with the meaning of Javanese pegon by KH. Ahmad Qusyairi bin Sidiq Pasuruan. And also printed by Maktabah Kholid bin Ahmad bin Nabhan Surabaya, translated with the meaning of Madurese language by KHR Abdul Majid Tamim, written by Habib Idrus bin Hasan al-Khirid in 1409 H.
- As-Silah fi Bayan al-Nikah (marriage guide), copied by KH. Ahmad Qusyairi bin Sidiq Pasuruan. (Manuscript), and printed in Surabaya.
- Rotib Syaikhona Kholil, distributed in the form of leaflets by KH. Khalil bin KH. Moh Yasin Kepang on 28/9/1404 H. and reprinted by Lajnah Turots Ilmy Syaikhona Muhammad Kholil in 2019 and 2020.
- Isti'dad al-Maut (corporate jurisprudence guide), 3 Dz. Qa'dah 1309 H. Copied and printed by Lajnah Turots in 2019 AD.
- Taqrirat Nuzhah Thullab (Kaedah I'rob, Arabic grammar), 1315 H. Copied and printed by Lajnah Turots in 2019 AD.
- Al-Bina' Dhimna Tadrib wa Mumārasah (science of sharaf), 3/10/1309 H. Copied and printed by Lajnah Turots in 2020 AD.
- Taqrirat Matn al-Izzi (science of sharaf), 1309 H. Copied and printed by Lajnah Turots in 2020.
- Tafsir al-Khalil (Complete translation of the Qur'an with Javanese meaning of pegon and marginal notes), 1320 H.
- Fiqh Worship Conference, complete with Javanese meaning of pegon, year 13 Ramadhan 1308 H.
- Khutbah book (containing one Friday sermon, and two sermons for two holidays), the year is Friday 19 Ramadan 1323 H.
- The book of Dhikr and Wiridan, the year of Ramadan 1323 H.
- Al-'Awāmil, meaning Javanese pego and taqrir (elementary level Nahwu), year 1309 H.
- Taqrirat Matn al-Ajurrumiyah and the meaning of Javanese pego (elementary level Nahwu), 1309 H.
- Taqrirat Alfiyah and the meaning of Javanese pego (advanced nahwu), many Monday Night Dz. Qa'dah 1311 H. (Found in Dzurriyah KH. Rawi Mancengan Bangkalan).
- Taqrirat Alfiyah and the meaning of Javanese pego, year 3 Ramadhan 1314 H. (Found in Dzurriyah KH. Nawawi Mlonggo Jepara).
- Jauharah al-Tawhid and the meaning of Javanese pego (the science of monotheism).
- Bad-u al-Amāli and the meaning of Javanese pego.
- The Book of Wills bi Taqwa Allah, and the meaning of Javanese pego, 1308 H.
- Maulid al-Barzanji and its meaning.
- Qashidah Hubbi li Sayyidana Muhammad and meaning, 1309 H.
- Taqrirat Nazham al-Jazariyyah (study of recitation), 1314 H.
6. Exemplary Stories
6.1 Independent Students
Actually, it is possible for young Mbah Cholil to stay in Sidogiri while studying for Kyai Nur Hasan, but there is a strong enough reason for him to stay in Keboncandi, even though young Mbah Cholil actually comes from a family that is economically quite wealthy. This can be traced from the results obtained by his father in farming.
However, young Mbah Cholil is still an independent person and doesn't want to bother his parents. Therefore, while studying in Sidogiri, Mbah Cholil lived in Keboncandi so that he could become a batik worker. From the results of being a batik worker, he fulfills his daily needs. When he became a Santri, Mbah Cholil had memorized several subjects, such as Matan Alfiyah Ibn Malik (Arabic Grammar). In addition, he is also a Hafidz Al-Quran. He is able to read the Qur'an in Qira'at Sab'ah (seven ways to read the Qur'an).
The independence of the young Mbah Cholil also appeared when he wanted to study in Mecca. Because at that time, studying in Mecca was the dream of all students. And to make his dream come true this time, young Mbah Cholil did not state his intentions to his parents, let alone ask his parents for a fee.
6.2 Saving for Studying Science to Mecca
Young Kyai Cholil is an independent young man. At that time, he wanted to continue studying in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. But do not want to ask the parents for the fee. To make this happen, Kiai Cholil before leaving for Mecca first recited the Koran at the pesantren Banyuwangi. At the cottage, he also worked in the cottage caretaker's garden. By working in the garden as a coconut picker, he is paid 2.5 cents per coconut tree. With this income, the money he got was saved for the cost of studying in Mecca. In addition, for daily meals, he became khodim in the pesantren by filling the bath, washing clothes and doing other jobs. Besides that, Kiai Cholil also cooks for his friends, that way he can get free food.
The following is a speciality from Allah SWT, which is owned by Sheikh Kholil al-Bangkalani:
7.1 To Mecca Riding Kerocok
One afternoon on the beach in Bangkalan area, Sheikh Kholil was accompanied by KH. Syamsul Arifin is the father of Kiai As'ad Situbondo. Together with their friend, they talked about the development of pesantren and the problems of Muslims in the areas of Java and Madura.
Problem after issue was discussed, it did not feel so engrossed in discussing the sun was almost setting. Even though they have not performed the Asr prayer, while the time is almost up so it is impossible to perform the Asr prayer perfectly and solemnly.
Finally, Sheikh Kholil ordered Kiai Syamsul Arifin to take kerocok (a type of palm leaf that floats on water) for the trip to Mecca. After getting a kerocok, then Sheikh Kholil looked at Mecca, suddenly the kerocok he was carrying walked quickly towards Mecca. Arriving in Mecca, the call to prayer for Asr had just been sounded. After taking ablution, Sheikh Kholil and Kiai Syamsul Arifin immediately headed for the first row to perform the Asr prayer in congregation at the Grand Mosque.
7.2 Treating Sugar addicted Children
Narrated by KH. Abdullah Syamsul Arifin, chairman of PCNU Jember, there is a resident who has a child with a hobby disorder consuming excess sugar, even the child can spend several kilos of sugar every day. Finally, the child's father ended up going (sowan) to Sheikh Kholil Bangkalan.
In front of Sheikh Kholil he complained about his son's habit of eating sugar. He hoped that the Sheikh would be pleased to cure the disease that plagued his son. However, Sheikh Kholil answered his father's request by telling him to come back one week later.
The guest said good-bye, but since then the boy's habits got worse and more and more sugar was consumed every day, eaten just like that. The father still obeyed Sheikh Kholil's order to come back to his house a week later. After the second meeting, the child completely stopped consuming sugar.
That said, for a week Sheikh Kholil bertirakat. Do not eat foods or drinks made of sugar. The message is simple, if you want to order something, you have to do it first. If you want to prohibit something against another person, then the person concerned must first set an example if you want the prohibition to be obeyed.
7.3 Laughing Loudly While Praying
One day, during congregational prayers led by a kiai at a pesantren where the young Sheikh Kholil was seeking knowledge, he laughed quite loudly. After the prayer, the kiai reprimanded the young Sheikh Kholil for his behavior, which is forbidden in Islam.
It turned out that the young Sheikh Kholil was still laughing even though the kiai was very angry with him. Finally he answered what caused him to laugh out loud, that during the congregational prayer he saw a "blessing" (food brought home after the feast) above the Kiai's head.
Hearing this answer, the kiai realized and was ashamed of the prayer he led. Because the kiai remembers that during the prayer he felt rushed to attend the feast which resulted in his prayer being less solemn.
7.4 Arrested and Freed by the Dutch
Sheikh Kholil was once detained by the Dutch colonialists because he was accused of protecting several people who were involved in the resistance to colonialism in his Islamic boarding school. When the Dutch found out, Sheikh Kholil was arrested in the hope that the fighters would surrender.
However, the arrest of Sheikh Kholil made the Dutch dizzy and overwhelmed because things happened that they could not understand. It was as if the prison door couldn't be locked, so they had to be on full alert so the prisoners wouldn't escape.
In the days that followed, thousands of people came to visit and provide food to Sheikh Kholil, many even asking to be arrested with him. This incident made the Dutch and their allies give up Sheikh Kholil to be released.
7.5 Splitting Up
Another magic of Mbah Cholil, is his ability to divide himself. He can be in several places at the same time. There was once a strange incident when he taught at a boarding school. While lecturing, Mbah Cholil did something unseen. "Suddenly his clothes and sarong were soaking wet," said KH Ghozi.
The students were surprised. While he himself is cool, he doesn't want to say anything. Go straight into the house, change clothes. The riddle was only answered half a month later. There was a fisherman sowan to Mbah Cholil. He said thank you, because when the boat broke in the middle of the sea, Mbah Cholil immediately helped.
"The arrival of the fisherman opened the veil. It turned out that while giving the recitation, Mbah Cholil got a message to immediately go to the beach to save the fishermen whose boat broke. With the speciality he has, in an instant he can reach the sea and help the fisherman,” said KH Ghozi, who now lives in Wedomartani Ngemplak Sleman.
This article was previously edited Maret 19, 2021, and last edited September 15, 2022.
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