Biography Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi

Biography Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi
Sumber Gambar: foto istimewa

List of Contents

1     Life story and Family
1.1  Born
1.2  Family History
1.3  Passed away

2     Sanad of Knowledge and Education
2.1   Wandering for Knowledge
2.2   His Masters

3      His Successors
3.1   His Children
3.2   His Students

4      His Career and Works
4.1   His Career
4.2   His Works

5      Awards 

6.     Reference

7.     Chart Geneology


1. Life story and Family

1.1  Born

Muhammad Mahfudz bin Abdullah bin Abdul Manan bin Dipomenggolo at Tarmasi al Jawi or who is often called Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi was born on 12 Jummadil Ulla (25 Rojab) in 1258 which coincided with August 31, 1842 AD, in Tremas Village, Arjosari District, Regency, Pacitan, East Java (at that time Tremas village was still part of Karasidenan area, Solo, Central Java).

When Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi was born KH. Abdullah (his father) was in Mecca, he was the eldest son of KH. Abdullah, and lived in Mecca until he died on 1 Rajab 1338 H / 20 May 1920 AD.

1.2  Family History 

Sheikh Mahfudz married Nyai Muslim, a daughter from Demak, Central Java, who performed the pilgrimage in the first decade of the 20th century AD. As a result of their marriage, Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi and Nyai Muslim had three children, but two of their daughters died when they were not yet 5 years old. year. The only surviving son of Sheikh Mahfudz is Muhammad.

He was strongly encouraged by Sheikh Mahfudz to study the Qur'an. This will was fulfilled by Muhammad by successfully becoming a teacher in the field of the Qur'an. In addition, Muhammad also developed a pesantren called "Bustanul Ussyaaqil Qur'an" in Betengan, Demak, Central Java and has many students from all over the archipelago. The leadership of Pesantren Now is under the care of KH. Hariri bin Muhammad bin Muhammad Mahfudz at-Tarmasi.

1.3  Passed away
Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi died in 1920 in Mecca.

2. Sanad of Knowledge and Education

2.1  Wandering for Knowledge

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi started his education by studying directly with his father, KH. Abdullah. He studied the Qur'an, Fathul Mu'in, Fathul Wahhab, Syarah As-Syarqowiyah Al-Hikam and the interpretation of Al-Jalalin up to the letter Yunus only.

After studying with his father, he continued his education by studying at a boarding school in Semarang, Central Java, which was taken care of by KH. Muhammad Sholeh bin Umar (Mbah Sholeh Darat). In Semarang, he studied Syarah Hikam (twice completed), Tafsir Jalalain (twice completed), Syarah Al-Mardini and Wasilah Ath-Thullab, this last book on astronomy and was ditashih and confirmed by Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fathani.

After that, he moved to Makkah Al-Mukaramah to continue his education. In Arabia he studied with Sheikh Ahmad Al-Minsyawi known as Muqri, he studied the Qiro'ah of Imam Ashim and Tajweed, some of the syarah of Ibni Al-Qashih 'Ala Asy-Syatibiyyah (no time to finish).

At the same time he also studied with Sheikh Umar bin Barakat Asy-Syami, the book he studied was Syarah Syudhuru As-Zahab Li Ibni Hisham. Then he studied with Sheikh Mustafa Al-Afifi, the books he studied were Syarah Jam'ul Jamawi 'Lil Mahalli and Mughni Al-Labib.

He also studied with Sayyid Husayn bin Sayyid Muhammad Al-Habsyi, the book he studied was Sahih Al-Bukhari. Then he studied with Sheikh Muhammad Sa'id Ba Basha'il, the books he studied were Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan At-Tarmidhi and Sunan An-Nasa'i.

Then he also studied with Sayyid Ahmad Az-Zawawi, the book he studied was Syarah Uqud Al-Juman, written by his teacher, and some of the books of Ash Syifa 'Lil Qadhi Al-Yadh. Then he studied with Sheikh Muhammad Asy Syarbini Ad-Dimyathi, the books he studied included, Syarah Ibn Al-Qashih, Syarah Ad Durrah Al-Mudhi'ah, Syarah Thaiban An-Nasyr Fi Al-Qira'at Al-'Asyr, Ar Raudh An -Nadhir Lil Mutawali, Syarah Ar-Ra'iyah Ittihaf Al-Basyar Fi al-Qirad Al-Arba'ah Al-'Asyar and Tafsir Al-Baidhawi bi Hasyiatihi.

Then he studied with Sayyid Muhammad Amin bin Ahmad Ridhwan Al-Madani, the books he studied were Dala'il Al-Khairat, Al-Ahzab, Al-Burdah, Al-Awwaliyat, Al-'Ajluni and Al-Muwatha' by Imam Malik. The ulema 'who taught him the most in various sciences was Sayyid Abi Bakr bin Sayyid Muhammad Asy-Syatha'.

He is a scholar 'alim 'allama, author of the most popular book among Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia, especially Java, namely I'anathut Thalibin syarah book Fathul Mu'in which was completed in Shawwal 1300 H. Before being printed the book was tashih and tahqiq by Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fathani and Sheikh Muhammad bin Sulaiman Hasbullah Al-Makki.

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi, a scholar who is prolific in the world of writing, all of his works are more than 20 titles written in Arabic, almost all Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia use his book as a reference, not only Islamic boarding schools, even well-known universities in the Middle East are many who use the book.

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi is one of the few Indonesian scholars who are allowed to teach at the Grand Mosque, his knowledge and wisdom are recognized internationally.

2.2  His Masters

His teachers while studying for knowledge were:

     1. Syekh Nawawi al Bantani
     2. KH. Muhammad Saleh Darat
     3. KH. Abdullah (Ayah)
     4. Syekh Ahmad Al-Minsyawi
     5. Imam Ashim dan Tajwid
     6. Syeikh Umar bin Barakat Asy-Syami
     7. Syeikh Mustafa Al-Afifi
     8. Sayyid Husain bin Sayyid Muhammad Al-Habsyi
     ​9. Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id Ba Basha’il
   10. Sayyid Ahmad Az-Zawawi
   11. Syekh Muhammad Asy Syarbini Ad-Dimyathi
   12. Sayyid Muhammad Amin bin Ahmad Ridhwan Al-Madani
   13. Sayid Abi Bakr bin Sayyid Muhammad Asy-Syatha’
   14. Sunan Abi Daud
   15. Sunan Tirmizi dan Sunan Nasai
   16. Syeikh Ahmad al-Fathani

3. His Successors

3.1 His Children

 His children who became the successor of the ulama were:


3.2 His Students

Indonesian scholars who have been his students include:
    1. KH. Hasyim Asy'ari (Pesantren Tebuireng Jombang)
    2. KH. Abdul Wahab Chasbullah (Jombang Rice Pond)   
    3. KH. Bisri Syansuri (Denanyar Jombang)   
    4. KH. Saleh (Tayu Pati) 
    5. KH. Asnawi (Holy) 
    6. KH. Dahlan (Holy)
7. Ali al-Banjari, resident of Makkah from South Kalimantan
8. Muhammad Baqir al-Jugjawi wong Yogya who also lives in Mecca
9. Kiai Haji Muhammad Ma`shum al-Lasami, founder of the pesantren Lasem  Central Java
10. Abdul Muhit from Panji Sidarjo

4. His Career and Works

4.1 His Career

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi is a teacher or teacher at the Al Haram Mosque in Mecca

4.2 His Works

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi was very productive in writing books, among the books he wrote were:

1. As-Siqayatul Mardhiyah fi Asamil Kutubil Fiqhiyah li Ashabinas Syafi'iyah, Finished writing on Friday, Sha'ban 1313 H. Printed by Mathba'ah at-Taraqqil Majidiyah al-'Uthmaniyah, Mecca (no year).

2. Muhibah zil Fadhli `ala Syarh al-'Allamah Ibn Hajar Muqaddimah Ba Fadhal, this four-volume book of fiqh is a syarah or commentary on Abdullah Ba Fadhl's work "Al-Muqaddimah Al-Hadhramiyyah". This book is arguably rarely taught in pesantren, is mostly used by senior kiai as a reference and is often cited as one of the authoritative sources in the preparation of fatwas by scholars in Java.

This book consists of four volumes. The first volume was completed on 25 Safar 1315 H,. The second volume was completed on Friday, 27 Rabiulakhir 1316 H. The third volume was completed on Sunday night, 7 Rejab 1317 H. The fourth volume, was completed on the night of Wednesday, 19 Jamadilakhir 1319 H. Printed by Mathba'ah al-'Amirah ash- Syarfiyah, Egypt, 1326 H.

3. Kifayatul Mustafid five ala minal Asanid, completed on Tuesday, 19 Safar 1320 H. The content discusses various scientific sanad of Muhammad Mahfuz bin Abdullah at-Tarmasi/at-Tirmisi. Printed by Mathba'ah al-Mashhad al-Husaini, No. 18 Shari' al-Mashhad al-Husaini, Egypt (no year). This book was authenticated and confirmed by Sheikh Muhammad Yasin bin Isa al-Fadani al-Makki, al-Mudarris Daril `Ulumid Diniyah, Mecca.

4.  Manhaj Zawin Nazhar fi Syarhi Manzhumati `Ilmil Atsar, completed in 1329 H/1911 AD. Its content discusses the Science of Mushthalah Hadith, which is the Syarh Manzhumah `Ilmil Atsar written by Imam Jalaluddin as-Suyuthi. This book is proof that the scholars of the archipelago are able to write the science of hadith which is of such high value. This book is a reference for scholars around the world, especially hadith scholars. Printed by Mathba'ah Mushthafa al-Baby al-Halaby wa Auladuhu, Egypt, 1352 H/1934 CE.

The print was financed by Sheikh Salim bin Sa'ad bin Nabhan wa Akhihi Ahmad, owner of Al-Maktabah An-Nabhaniyah Al-Kubra, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

5. Two of his books in the field of ushul are "Nailul Ma'mul", a syarah on Zakariyya Ansari's "Lubb Al-Ushul" and his syarah "Ghayat al-wushul", and "Is'af al Muthali", a syarah on various versions of Subki's work "Jam 'al-Jawami'.

Another book on fiqh is "Takmilat al-Minhaj al-Qawim", a supplementary note to Ibn Hajar al-Haitami's "Al-Minhaj al-Qawim".

 6. Al-Khil'atul Fikriyah fi Syarhil Minhatil Khairiyah, the date of writing is not yet known. The content also discusses the hadith which is the Syarh Hadith of Arba'in.
7. Al- Badrul Munir fi Qira-ati Ibni Katsir.
8. Tanwirus Shadr fi Qira-ati Ibni Amr
9. Insyirahul Fawaid fi Qira-ati Hamzah
10. Ta’mimul Manafi’ fi Qira-ati Nafi’.
11. Al-Fuad fi Qiraat al Imam Hamzah
12. Tamim al Manafi fi Qiraat al-Imam Nafi’
13l. Aniyah ath Thalabah bi Syarah Nadzam ath Tayyibah fi Qiraat al Asy’ariyah
14. As-Saqayah al-Mardhiyyah fi Asma'i Pole Ashhabina al-Shafiiyah, a study of the fiqh works of the Shafi'i school and the history of their authors.
15.  Al-Fawaidut Tarmasiyah fi Asamil Qira-ati `Asyariyah, Sheikh Yasin Padang said that this book was published by Mathba'ah al-Majidiyah, Mecca, in 1330 H.
16. Is'aful Mathali' Syarhul Badril Lami'
16. Al-Minhah al-Khairiyya
17. Tsulasiyat al-Bukhori

5  Awards

According to Sheikh Yasin al-Fadani (Indonesian cleric from the desert), Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi received many titles such as 'Allamah (very pious), Al Muhaddist (expert of hadith), Al Musnid (chain of hadith chains), Al Faqih (expert of hadith). fiqh), Al Ushuli (ushul expert), and Al Muqri '(qiraat expert).

Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi is one of the archipelago's scholars who has produced many articles in Arabic as well as other Indonesian scholars who live in Mecca, such as Sheikh Nawawi al-Bantani, Sheikh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau and Sheikh Abdul Hamid Kudus.

6. Reference

7. Chart Geneology

The following is a genealogy chart for the teacher Sheikh Mahfudz at-Tarmasi which can be seen HERE and a genealogy chart for his students can be seen HERE.

This article was previously edited April 24, 2022, and last edited September 15, 2022.


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